Stomach is an important part of human digestive system. It is the organ where food from esophagus lands and collects. It is further acidified using stomach acid, vigorously crushed and transferred to small intestine for further process of digestion. Abnormal and uncontrolled growth in the inner cells of stomach is called stomach or gastric cancer.
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In India, 58000 new cases of stomach or gastric cancer are diagnosed every year. High level starvation of deficiency of adequate nutrition happen in case of stomach cancer because of which patient's physical health deteriorates very fast and often we see poor results in such stomach cancer patients despite good treatment.
Most common symptoms of stomach cancer are as follows.
These symptoms can also be related to other disease of stomach like stomach ulcer. It is important to know that stomach ulcers that do not heal properly can develop into stomach cancer.
Factors that increase the risk of stomach cancer are as follows.
Stomach cancer treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy and radiation alone, in sequence or in combination depending on stage of stomach cancer. Surgery is performed in early stages of cancer with curative intent whereas surgery is also done in case of stage 4 disease or advanced stomach cancer where passage of stomach is blocked and cancer needs to be downsized with surgical intervention so the food can pass and patient can get some relief from pain as well.
Endoscopic mucosal resection is performed to removal lining of stomach affected by cancer. Depending on extent of cancer, complete or partial removal (Total or subtotal gastrectomy) of parts of cancer can be done.
Chemotherapy and radiation therapy also plays and important role in stomach cancer treatment.